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ASA 101, Basic Keelboat Sailing Standard

Able to skipper a sloop-rigged keelboat of approximately 20 to 27 feet in length by day in light to moderate winds (up to 15 knots) and sea conditions. Knowledge of basic sailing terminology, parts and functions, helm commands, basic sail trim, points of sail, buoyage, seamanship and safety including basic navigation rules to avoid collisions and hazards. Auxiliary power operation is not required.


Prerequisites: None



ASA 101 Students in Class

ECY ASA 101 Students in Class



KNOWLEDGE

Basic Sailing Terminology

1. Describe and identify the following sailboat parts and their functions:

Hull
Deck
Transom
Keel
Mast
Boom
Gooseneck
Bow
Stern
Helm / Tiller /Wheel
Rudder
Cockpit
Cabin
Standing Rigging
Shroud
Spreader
Chainplate
Headstay / Forestay
Backstay
Stanchion
Lifeline
Pulpit
Winch
Cleat
Block
Fairlead
Fender
Docklines

2. Identify and describe the functions of the following sails, sail parts and sail controls:

Mainsail
Jib / Genoa
Head
Tack
Clew
Foot
Luff
Leech
Downhaul / Cunningham
Batten
Batten Pocket
Bolt Rope
Hank
Running Rigging
Halyard
Mainsheet
Jibsheets
Boom Topping Lift
Boom Vang
Telltale
Outhaul
Traveler
Shackle
Roller Furler

3. Define the following terms:

Port
Starboard
Forward
Aft
Beam
Ahead
Astern
Abeam
Windward
Leeward
Draft
Freeboard
Heel
Weather helm
Skipper
Helmsman
Crew


Maneuvers & Points of Sail

4. Explain and identify using diagrams the following maneuvers, points of sail, and other terms:

Head-to-Wind
No-Sail Zone
Close Hauled
Close Reach
Beam Reach
Broad Reach
Run
Sailing-by-the-Lee
In Irons
Luffing
Port Tack
Starboard Tack
Tacking
Jibing
Stand-on
Give-way

5. Explain and utilize correctly the following
helm commands
and
crew responses
:




Navigation Rules

For items 6 through 12, describe, using diagrams as appropriate, the applicable rules for a 25-foot recreational sailing vessel, as found in the USCG Navigation Rules and Regulations Handbook. Identify the "stand-on" and "give-way" vessel in each situation.

6. Look-out, Rule 5.

7. Sailing vessels with the wind on different sides (starboard / port), Rule 12(a)(i)

8. Sailing vessels with the wind on same side (leeward / windward), Rule 12(a)(ii)

9. Sailing vessel on port tack cannot determine windward sailing vessel’s tack, Rule 12(a)(iii)

10. Overtaking (Rule 13)

11. Power-driven vessels approaching each other head-on (Rule 14)

12. Power-driven vessel with another power-driven vessel on starboard side (Rule 15)

13. Describe appropriate actions to be taken when sailing in the vicinity of commercial traffic, including responding to a danger signal.



Aids to Navigation

14. Identify and state the purpose of lateral aids to navigation by color, shape & numbering, including preferred channel markers.

15. Identify safe water, information and regulatory markers.



Safety Gear & Procedures

16. List the federally required equipment for a recreational sailboat of 25-feet in length.

17. Identify the location and color of navigation lights used by a recreational vessel of 25-feet in length.

18. Describe the purpose of a Float Plan, give examples of information contained therein and to whom it should be submitted.

19. Describe when and to whom boating accidents must be reported.

20. State the Federal Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) limit for vessel operation.

SKILLS

Safety Equipment

21. Demonstrate the proper use of a lifejacket or personal flotation device (PFD).

Sailing

A Certified Sailor has successfully demonstrated his or her ability to:

Rig/hoist/set sails safely and correctly to obtain proper sail trim using the following lines and controls, if available on the practice vessel

22. Halyards and/or furling devices

23. Downhaul or Cunningham

24. Outhaul

25. Boom Vang

26. Mainsheet

27. Jibsheets

28. Winches

29. Traveler

30. Lower/furl/stow sails and coil/flake/stow lines properly

Without coaching or assistance, verbalize appropriate commands and demonstrate competence, safety and good seamanship in the role of Skipper / Helmsman during the maneuvers listed in elements 31 – 42. Honor all aids to navigation and use properly the basic Navigation Rules. Ensure sails are trimmed correctly and the vessel is in control at all times.

31. Depart dock or mooring fully ready to get underway safely

32. Select and maintain a given tack and course

33. Demonstrate how to get out of “irons”

34. Head Up

35. Bear Away

36. Sail Close Hauled

37. Sail on a Close Reach

38. Sail on a Beam Reach

39. Sail on a Broad Reach

40. Sail on a Run

41. Tack

42. Jibe

43. As crew, give appropriate verbal responses and perform correct actions during the maneuvers listed above.



Crew Overboard

44. Describe and demonstrate the correct actions to be taken while under sail from the time a person falls overboard until safely recovered.



Return & Secure

45. Return to dock or mooring

46. Secure vessel, using appropriate mooring/dock lines, fenders, etc.



Knots

Describe the purpose of, and construct without assistance in a timely manner, each of the following knots and hitches:

47. Figure-8 Knot

48. Square (Reef) Knot

49. Clove Hitch

50. Round Turn & 2 Half Hitches

51. Cleat Hitch

52. Bowline


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For combined class descriptions and pricing, click here.



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